Today we will explore explore the concept of temperament, understand what it means, and how it influences emotional intelligence.
Temperament refers to aspects of an
individual’s personality that are mainly biological or innate as opposed to learned. Temperament is basically life-long traits that are inborn… God given.
Emotional intelligence is established to predict success in leadership effectiveness in various contexts and has been linked to temperament and personality factors. The role of emotional and social intelligence in leadership and professional success is well-established in literature in multiple studies and books.
One of the most commonly used contemporary models for assessing emotional intelligence comes from the work of Goleman who breaks down the construct into an emotional intelligence competency inventory or, (ECI) consisting of four clusters and twenty competencies:
- Self-Awareness: Emotional Self-Awareness, Accurate Self-Assessment, and Self-Confidence.
- Self-Management: Self-Control, Trustworthiness, Conscientiousness, Adaptability, Achievement Drive, and Initiative.
- Social Awareness: Empathy, Social Orientation, and Organizational Awareness.
- Relationship Management: Developing Others, Influence, Communication, Conflict Resolution, Leadership, Change Catalyst, Building Bonds, Teamwork, and Collaboration.
Temperament will directly affect every aspect of these competiencies. Ones ability to function, prosper, grow and lead others all are wrapped up in these elements, (ECI).
Temperament traits can be defined as habitual patterns of behavior, thought, and emotion with the intersection and interplay of these traits reflecting temperament strengths and weaknesses.
Temperament traits show relative stability , allowing for a person to form a distinct pattern of behavior that is recognizably typical and which falls across a spectrum of traits, strengths and weaknesses of these traits, and, to what extent/how typically a person engages in a pattern of behavior, thoughts, (or emotional reactivity characterized within a trait).
These traits reflect automatic ways in which a person interprets and reacts to their environment. Additionally, traits can become maladaptive when they become an overarching automatic response which does not adjust adequately, proportionately, or appropriately to the environment or situation. This indicates a leaning into the weaknesses of ones temperament attributes, also indicating other factors such as poor or traumatic events in childhood, etc.
Therefore, knowing our temperaments, strengths and weaknesses, dealing with broken childhood scripts, is a crucial and necessary element to Emotional Intelligence maturing as well as leadership capabilities.
Tomorrow, we will look at some specific temperament propensities that demonstrate the integration of what we have learned today.
BH/ Source – Frontiers in Psychology/Adapted